The United Nations Population Fund - UNFPA
including Family Planning and Sexual Health
efforts in improving access to quality reproductive
health information and services focus on improving the
distribution and use of contraceptives, including
condoms for the prevention of STIs and HIV/AIDS and on
building up the capacity of the Government and NGOs to
plan and manage comprehensive reproductive health
programmes. As part of this initiative, UNFPA has
developed four community based distribution pilot
projects in four provinces that concentrate on
contraceptives supplies. So far, 110 field workers have
been trained and a network of distribution points
motherhood pilot projects were also launched. These
encourage birth spacing and use of health facilities for
One of the
most notable projects is the community outreach for
better reproductive health. An evaluation noted the
- Birth spacing had
more than doubled among those women who have been
visited by a volunteer or midwife.
- Over 80 per cent of
women visited by a volunteer had detailed knowledge
of how to prevent STIs and HIV/AIDS.
- Close to 90 per cent
of women visited by a volunteer or health worker had
information about modern contraceptive methods and
where to access services.
the government of Cambodia launched the first census in
36 years, with UNFPA support. The census was a major
undertaking and contributed significantly to the countryís
capacity to plan for future needs. In addition, a
Demographic Health Survey was also carried out in 2000
with assistance from UNFPA, UNICEF and USAID. The
information gathered will greatly assist the Government
in targeting donor funds and providing baseline data
against which to measure progress.
UNFPA initiative on demographic and population teaching
strengthened the capacity of national institutions to
integrate population and development concerns into
national planning. As part of this strategy, a master
plan was formulated for incorporating population and
demographic studies into the regular curriculum of the
Royal University of Phnom Penh.
work in this crucial area began in 2000. The Fundís main
- Development of a
Gender Resources Library in the Ministry of Womenís
and Veteranís Affairs.
- Training of gender
focal points in ten line ministries.
- Organization of
"gender forums" with high-level
decision-makers (Secretaries of State, members of
Parliament and senators).